Ankle sprains occur when one or more of the ligaments in the ankle gets injured, generally on the outside of the ankle because of being more prone to rolling the foot inward.
The ligaments provide structural stability limiting the amount of movemnent. Ankle ligament is a band of tisseu which holds bones together in joins.
An ankle can sprain in many different ways. Usually ankles will sprain as result of a fall, sudden twist, or blow that forces an unnatural position. Sprains can occur during any activity but most often during sports, or when wearing inappropriate shoes.
Some people may be more prone to ankle sprains, for example someone who is born with weak ankles or someone who has had a previous ankle injury.
An ankle sprain can include any or all of these symptoms:
• Soreness or pain
• Stiffness in the joint
• Difficulty walking
Ankle fractures are common and cause by the ankle rolling. People may mistake an ankle fracture for an ankle sprain but they are very different which is why they require a professional medical diagnosis early on.
To evaluate an ankle sprain an ankle surgeon, usually a podiatrist, will need to do a thorough examination of the foot and present symptoms. X-rays will likely be used to determine the severity of the sprain.